X Factor

When capillaries are damaged, the blood flows out of bloodstream and fills the voids in immediate area with blood proteins which are always followed by water.

As the fluids push the cells apart they cause inflammation. The pain experienced thru the sensory nerves is due to lack of oxygen to the cells when the blood protein and water displace everything in its way. 

Robert Held the finger tightly for some time thus minimizing the fluids entering between the spaces of the cells thus limiting inflammation and resulting in minimal pain.

Detailed Analysis of Pain Suppression

When a body experiences shock, the pores of blood capillaries in the immediate vicinity of the shock, will dilate. The dilation is large enough to release a large amount of blood proteins into the area around the cells which are normally occupied by lymph fluids.

The lymph fluids bring nourishment, oxygen and minerals to the cells and remove dead matter and the waste products generated by the cells.

In the normal state, the cells are tightly packed with just enough space for the lymph fluids to get around the interstitial space. If blood proteins enter this space, the large molecules of blood and the water that follows the blood proteins, push the cells further apart and cause inflammation.

The blood proteins cannot re-enter the bloodstream because the pressure from the heart pumping blood is greater than the backpressure created by the flooded interstices. The only option for the blood proteins is to be drained away via the lymph system.

 The flooding creates multiple problems: 

  it displaces the nourishing lymph fluids
  blocks access to oxygen reaching the cells
  creates an imbalance of the concentration of sodium on the outside of the cell. This disrupts the delicately balanced Potassium-Sodium ion exchange (equivalent to mini electric generators on the cellular level within the cell)
  the unbalance shuts down the ion exchange of ions and if kept shut down long enough, the cell will either mutate or die

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